Ketoconazole Cream (Generic Nizoral) - Uses, Dosage and Side Effects

Ketoconazole is a synthetic antifungal medication used to prevent and treat fungal skin infections, especially in immunocompromised patients such as those with AIDS or those on chemotherapy. Ketoconazole is sold commercially as an anti-dandruff shampoo, topical cream, and oral tablet, under the brand name Nizoral, Nizral, Fungoral, Perkhotal, Xolegel, Sebizole, Ketomed, Ketoisdin gel 2% (gel) and Fungarest (topical 30 g cream).
Ketoconazole is usually prescribed for topical infections such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (yeast infection or thrush), and jock itch. The over-the-counter shampoo version can also be used as a body wash for the treatment of tinea versicolor. Ketoconazole is also used to treat eumycetoma, the fungal form of mycetoma. Ketoconazole is also used in combination with other drugs such as zinc pyrithione in rinse-off products. The anti-dandruff shampoo is designed for people who have a more serious case of dandruff where symptoms include, but are not limited to constant non-stop flaking, and severe itchiness.
The side-effects of ketoconazole are sometimes used to treat non-fungal problems. The decrease in testosterone caused by the drug makes it useful for treating prostate cancer and for preventing post-operative erections following penile surgery. Another use is the suppression of glucocorticoid synthesis, where it is used in the treatment of Cushing's disease.

Side Effects of Ketoconazole Cream (Generic Nizoral)

Generic Nizoral is a pregnancy category C drug because animal testing has shown it to cause teratogenesis in high dosages.
Side effects include changes in hair texture, blisters on scalp, dry skin, itching, oily or dry hair or scalp, irritation, itching or stinging in the place where you applied the medication. In case you experience any of the following uncommon but serious side effects please inform your doctor immediately: rash, hives, difficulty in breathing or swallowing, tightness in the chest, swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue, tenderness, swelling, peeling, itching, pain or burning of your skin in the place where you applied Ketoconazole Cream .

Ketoconazole Cream (Generic Nizoral) - Dosage

Before applying Nizoral Cream, clean the affected area with soap and water and dry thoroughly. Then apply enough medication to cover the affected area. Rub in gently.

Ketoconazole Cream - Availability And Packaging

Ketoconazole Cream is available as Generic Nizoral Cream which is packaged in tubes of 15 g.



Considerable portions of the text here is from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ketoconazole and is reproduced here under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License